HTML5 Game Development – Lesson 2

HTML5 Game Development – Lesson 2

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HTML5 Game Development - Lesson 2

HTML5 Game Development – Lesson 2. Today we continue a series of articles on game development in HTML5. Today we will continue basics (and maybe even advanced basics). I going to show you how to fill objects with gradient color, draw text, use custom fonts to draw text, basic animation, and most important: ui element – Button.

Our previous article you can read here: Developing Your First HTML5 Game – Lesson 1. I going to work with our previous script – we will just enhance it. I going to draw text using custom font, animate object (square) filled with gradient color, and will draw ‘Play / Pause’ button to pausing animation.

Here are our demo and downloadable package:

Live Demo

Ok, download the example files and lets start coding !


Step 1. HTML

Here are all html of my demo

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en" >
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8" />
        <title>HTML5 Game Development - Lesson 2 | Script Tutorials</title>

        <link href="css/main.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />

        <!--[if lt IE 9]>
          <script src="http://html5shiv.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script>
        <![endif]-->
        <script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery-1.5.2.min.js"></script>
        <script type="text/javascript" src="js/script.js"></script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <div class="container">
            <canvas id="scene" width="800" height="600"></canvas>
        </div>

        <footer>
            <h2>HTML5 Game Development - Lesson 2</h2>
            <a href="https://www.script-tutorials.com/html5-game-development-lesson-2" class="stuts">Back to original tutorial on <span>Script Tutorials</span></a>
        </footer>
    </body>
</html>

Step 2. CSS

Here are used CSS styles.

css/main.css

/* general styles */
*{
    margin:0;
    padding:0;
}

@font-face {
    font-family: "DS-Digital";
    src: url("../fonts/Ds-digib.ttf");
}

body {
    background-color:#bababa;
    background-image: -webkit-radial-gradient(600px 300px, circle, #ffffff, #bababa 60%);
    background-image: -moz-radial-gradient(600px 300px, circle, #ffffff, #bababa 60%);
    background-image: -o-radial-gradient(600px 300px, circle, #ffffff, #bababa 60%);
    background-image: radial-gradient(600px 300px, circle, #ffffff, #bababa 60%);
    color:#fff;
    font:14px/1.3 Arial,sans-serif;
    min-height:1000px;
}

.container {
    width:100%;
}

.container > * {
    display:block;
    margin:50px auto;
}

footer {
    background-color:#212121;
    bottom:0;
    box-shadow: 0 -1px 2px #111111;
    display:block;
    height:70px;
    left:0;
    position:fixed;
    width:100%;
    z-index:100;
}

footer h2{
    font-size:22px;
    font-weight:normal;
    left:50%;
    margin-left:-400px;
    padding:22px 0;
    position:absolute;
    width:540px;
}

footer a.stuts,a.stuts:visited{
    border:none;
    text-decoration:none;
    color:#fcfcfc;
    font-size:14px;
    left:50%;
    line-height:31px;
    margin:23px 0 0 110px;
    position:absolute;
    top:0;
}

footer .stuts span {
    font-size:22px;
    font-weight:bold;
    margin-left:5px;
}

h3 {
    text-align:center;
}

#scene {
    background-image:url(../images/01.jpg);
    position:relative;
}

Pay attention to ‘@font-face’. We will using this way to link custom font file (ttf) to our lesson (to draw at canvas).

Step 3. JS

js/jquery-1.5.2.min.js

We will using jQuery for our demo. This allows easy bind different events (for mouse etc). Next file most important (here are all our html5 functional):

js/script.js

var canvas, ctx;
var circles = [];
var selectedCircle;
var hoveredCircle;
var button;
var moving = false;
var speed = 2.0;

// -------------------------------------------------------------

// objects :

function Circle(x, y, radius){
    this.x = x;
    this.y = y;
    this.radius = radius;
}

function Button(x, y, w, h, state, image) {
    this.x = x;
    this.y = y;
    this.w = w;
    this.h = h;
    this.state = state;
    this.imageShift = 0;
    this.image = image;
}
// -------------------------------------------------------------

// draw functions :

function clear() { // clear canvas function
    ctx.clearRect(0, 0, ctx.canvas.width, ctx.canvas.height);
}

function drawCircle(ctx, x, y, radius) { // draw circle function
    ctx.fillStyle = 'rgba(255, 35, 55, 1.0)';

    ctx.beginPath();
    ctx.arc(x, y, radius, 0, Math.PI*2, true);
    ctx.closePath();

    ctx.fill();

    ctx.lineWidth = 1;
    ctx.strokeStyle = 'rgba(0, 0, 0, 1.0)';
    ctx.stroke(); // draw border
}

function drawScene() { // main drawScene function
    clear(); // clear canvas

    // draw the title text
    ctx.font = '42px DS-Digital';
    ctx.textAlign = 'center';
    ctx.fillStyle = '#ffffff';
    ctx.fillText('Welcome to lesson #2', ctx.canvas.width/2, 50);

    var bg_gradient = ctx.createLinearGradient(0, 200, 0, 400);
    bg_gradient.addColorStop(0.0, 'rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.8)');
    bg_gradient.addColorStop(0.5, 'rgba(0, 255, 0, 0.8)');
    bg_gradient.addColorStop(1.0, 'rgba(0, 0, 255, 0.8)');

    ctx.beginPath(); // custom shape begin
    ctx.fillStyle = bg_gradient;
    ctx.moveTo(circles[0].x, circles[0].y);
    for (var i=0; i<circles.length; i++) {
        ctx.lineTo(circles[i].x, circles[i].y);
    }
    ctx.closePath(); // custom shape end
    ctx.fill(); // fill custom shape

    ctx.lineWidth = 2;
    ctx.strokeStyle = 'rgba(0, 0, 255, 0.5)';
    ctx.stroke(); // draw border

    // reverting direction
    if (circles[0].x <= 300 || circles[0].x >= 385) {
        speed = -speed;
    }

    // central object behavior
    if (moving) {
        circles[0].x -= speed;
        circles[0].y -= speed;
        circles[1].x += speed;
        circles[1].y -= speed;
        circles[2].x += speed;
        circles[2].y += speed;
        circles[3].x -= speed;
        circles[3].y += speed;
    }

    drawCircle(ctx, circles[0].x, circles[0].y, (hoveredCircle == 0) ? 25 : 15);
    drawCircle(ctx, circles[1].x, circles[1].y, (hoveredCircle == 1) ? 25 : 15);
    drawCircle(ctx, circles[2].x, circles[2].y, (hoveredCircle == 2) ? 25 : 15);
    drawCircle(ctx, circles[3].x, circles[3].y, (hoveredCircle == 3) ? 25 : 15);

    // draw button
    ctx.drawImage(button.image, 0, button.imageShift, button.w, button.h, button.x, button.y, button.w, button.h);

    // draw text
    ctx.font = '30px DS-Digital';
    ctx.fillStyle = '#ffffff';
    ctx.fillText('Play/Pause', 135, 480);
    ctx.fillText(button.state, 135, 515);
}

// -------------------------------------------------------------

// initialization

$(function(){
    canvas = document.getElementById('scene');
    ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');

    var circleRadius = 15;
    var width = canvas.width;
    var height = canvas.height;

    // lets add 4 circles manually
    circles.push(new Circle(width / 2 - 20, height / 2 - 20, circleRadius));
    circles.push(new Circle(width / 2 + 20, height / 2 - 20, circleRadius));
    circles.push(new Circle(width / 2 + 20, height / 2 + 20, circleRadius));
    circles.push(new Circle(width / 2 - 20, height / 2 + 20, circleRadius));

    // load the guide sprite image
    buttonImage = new Image();
    buttonImage.src = 'images/button.png';
    buttonImage.onload = function() {
    }
    button = new Button(50, 450, 180, 120, 'normal', buttonImage);

    // binding mousedown event (for dragging)
    $('#scene').mousedown(function(e) {

        var mouseX = e.layerX || 0;
        var mouseY = e.layerY || 0;
        for (var i=0; i<circles.length; i++) { // checking through all circles - are mouse down inside circle or not
            var circleX = circles[i].x;
            var circleY = circles[i].y;
            var radius = circles[i].radius;
            if (Math.pow(mouseX-circleX,2) + Math.pow(mouseY-circleY,2) < Math.pow(radius,2)) {
                selectedCircle = i;
                break;
            }
        }

        // button behavior
        if (mouseX > button.x && mouseX < button.x+button.w && mouseY > button.y && mouseY < button.y+button.h) {
            button.state = 'pressed';
            button.imageShift = 262;
        }
    });

    $('#scene').mousemove(function(e) { // binding mousemove event for dragging selected circle
        var mouseX = e.layerX || 0;
        var mouseY = e.layerY || 0;
        if (selectedCircle != undefined) {
            // var canvasPosition = $(this).offset();

            var radius = circles[selectedCircle].radius;
            circles[selectedCircle] = new Circle(mouseX, mouseY,radius); // changing position of selected circle
        }

        hoveredCircle = undefined;
        for (var i=0; i<circles.length; i++) { // checking through all circles - are mouse down inside circle or not
            var circleX = circles[i].x;
            var circleY = circles[i].y;
            var radius = circles[i].radius;

            if (Math.pow(mouseX-circleX,2) + Math.pow(mouseY-circleY,2) < Math.pow(radius,2)) {
                hoveredCircle = i;
                circles[hoveredCircle] = new Circle(circleX, circleY, 25);
                break;
            }
        }

        // button behavior
        if (button.state != 'pressed') {
            button.state = 'normal';
            button.imageShift = 0;
            if (mouseX > button.x && mouseX < button.x+button.w && mouseY > button.y && mouseY < button.y+button.h) {
                button.state = 'hover';
                button.imageShift = 131;
            }
        }
    });

    $('#scene').mouseup(function(e) { // on mouseup - cleaning selectedCircle
        selectedCircle = undefined;

        // button behavior
        if (button.state == 'pressed') {
            moving = !moving;
        }
        button.state = 'normal';
        button.imageShift = 0;
    });

    setInterval(drawScene, 30); // loop drawScene
});

Here are several explanations about new features. 1. We can draw text (with custom font) using next code:

    ctx.font = '42px DS-Digital';
    ctx.textAlign = 'center';
    ctx.fillStyle = '#ffffff';
    ctx.fillText('Welcome to lesson #2', ctx.canvas.width/2, 50);

2. Applying gradient color to objects:

    var bg_gradient = ctx.createLinearGradient(0, 200, 0, 400);
    bg_gradient.addColorStop(0.0, 'rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.8)');
    bg_gradient.addColorStop(0.5, 'rgba(0, 255, 0, 0.8)');
    bg_gradient.addColorStop(1.0, 'rgba(0, 0, 255, 0.8)');
    ctx.fillStyle = bg_gradient;

3. Button itself – I used one sprite image with all 3 button states. Also I added event handlers to hover/down events. Here are way of loading and drawing image at canvas:

    buttonImage = new Image();
    buttonImage.src = 'images/button.png';
    .......
    ctx.drawImage(image, sx, sy, sWidth, sHeight, dx, dy, width, height);

Step 4. Custom files

fonts/Ds-digib.ttf and images/button.png

Both files will available in our package


Live Demo

Conclusion

Cool, isn’t it? I will be glad to see your thanks and comments. Good luck!


10 COMMENTS

  1. Hi,
    first of all thanks for your nice tutorial. I want to learn HTML 5 and JS especially because of game development and I find your tutorial quite helpful. I went through first part and it is very helpful for beginners as I am. I really appreciate the adding new functionality to existing example gradually. Hope you will continue…

    • Hi, Yes, don`t worry, I will continue this thread of game-dev related articles, finally we will come to some nice result (ready simple game)

  2. Hi
    Thanks for great contribution. I have passed first lesson. Now on second one, seems very cool explanation sequence. I have plan to finish your all the lesson.
    Actually, my final goal to implement like http://www.crystal.ch/abb/power_systems_landscape/ using html5.
    Can anyone give me idea just for following behavior of above link ?
    1. whole canvas content including background can move left to right smoothly using mousemove and mousedown operation
    2. Zoom in zoom out

    • Hi Shahdat,
      Thanks for your comment, and, this is not so difficult to repeat the same behavior as at that flash demo. Anything is pretty easy. It will require:
      a) good detailed image plan
      b) time ( to product codes )

  3. Hey~
    Thinks for your comment,i found that promble about function
    “drawImage(image, sx, sy, sw, sh, dx, dy, dw, dh)” in chrome
    if sy+sh > image’s max height,the canvas cannot draw the image, but there is no promble in ie 9
    i saw this problem when i mousedown the button.

  4. I think the code
    ” if (circles[0].x = 385) {
    speed = -speed;
    }”
    should be changed

    var speed = 2.0;
    var movingwidth=85;

    var movingwidth=85;
    if(movingwidth= 85){
    speed = -speed;
    }

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