position-value property CSS Reference

Definition and Usage

The <position> CSS data type denotes a coordinate in a 2D space used to set a location relative to a box.

A specific coordinate can be given by a two keywords, with specific offsets. A keyword represent one edge of the element's box or the medium line between two edges: left, right, top, bottom or center (which represents either the center between the left and right edges, or the center between the top or bottom edges, depending on the context).

An offset can be either a relative value, expressed as a <percentage>, or an absolute <length> value. Positive values are offset towards the right or towards the bottom, whichever is suitable. Negative values are offset in the other directions.

The final position described by the <position> value does not need to be inside the element's box.

If an offset is given without an associated keywords, this one is assumed to be center.


Both the abscissa and ordinate values are interpolated independently. As the speed is defined by the same <timing-function> for both, the point will move following a line.


Formal grammar: [ [ left | center | right | top | bottom | <percentage> | <length> ] |
[ left | center | right | <percentage> | <length> ] [ top | center | bottom | <percentage> | <length> ] |
[ center | [ left | right ] [ <percentage> | <length> ]? ] && 
[ center | [ top | bottom ] [ <percentage> | <length> ]? ]
/* 1-value syntax */
keyword                  /* The corresponding edge, the other direction is corresponding to center, the middle of the edge */
<length> or <percentage> /* The position on the x-axis, 50% for the y-axis */
/* 2-value syntax */
keyword keyword          /* A keyword for each direction, the order is irrelevant */
keyword value            /* The value is the offset for the edge defined by the keyword */
/* 2-value syntax with fixed offset */


Desktop browsers

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4.0 3.5 1.0 (85)
Combination of a keyword and a <length> or <percentage> 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4.0 3.5 1.0 (85)
Four-value syntax (support for offset from any edge) Not supported (WebKit bug 37514) 13.0 (13.0) Not supported 10.5 Not supported (WebKit bug 37514)

Mobile browsers

Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Combination of a keyword and a <length> or <percentage> (Yes) 1.0 (1) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Four-value syntax (support for offset from any edge) Not supported 13.0 (13.0) NA NA Not supported

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