viewport property CSS Reference



Definition and Usage

The @viewport at-rule consists of the @-keyword followed by a block of descriptors describing the viewport.

The descriptors inside an @viewport rule are per document and there is no inheritance involved. Hence declarations using the 'inherit' keyword will be dropped. They work similarly to @page descriptors and follow the cascading order of CSS. Hence, descriptors in @viewport rules will override descriptors from preceding rules. The declarations allow !important which will affect cascading of descriptors accordingly.

@viewport rules apply to top level documents only.


Syntax

The syntax for the @viewport rule is as follows (using the notation from the Grammar appendix of CSS 2.1

viewport
: VIEWPORT_SYM S*
'{' S* declaration? [ ';' S* declaration? ]* '}' S*;

with the new token:

@{V}{I}{E}{W}{P}{O}{R}{T} {return VIEWPORT_SYM;}

where:

V               v|\\0{0,4}(56|76)(\r\n|[ \t\r\n\f])?|\\v
W               w|\\0{0,4}(57|77)(\r\n|[ \t\r\n\f])?|\\w

The viewport non-terminal is added to the stylesheet production along with the ruleset, media, and page non-terminals:

stylesheet
: [ CHARSET_SYM STRING ';' ]?
[S|CDO|CDC]* [ import [ CDO S* | CDC S* ]* ]*
[ [ ruleset | media | page | viewport ] [ CDO S* | CDC S* ]* ]*
;

It is also added to media production to allow @viewport rules nested inside @media rules This is extending the CSS 2.1 syntax. A draft of CSS3 Paged Media also allows page inside @media.:

media
: MEDIA_SYM S* media_list LBRACE S* [ ruleset | viewport ]* '}' S*
;

Examples

@viewport {
width: 320px auto;
}

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