text-overflow property CSS Reference



Definition and Usage

The text-overflow CSS property determines how overflowed content that is not displayed is signaled to the users. It can be clipped, or display an ellipsis ('…', U+2026 Horizontal Ellipsis) or a Web author-defined string.

text overflow

Clipping happens at the border of the box; to clip at the character limit an empty custom string can be used ('').

This property only affects content that is overflowing a block container element in its inline progression direction (not text overflowing at the bottom of a box, for example). Text can overflow when it is prevented from wrapping (e.g., due to ‘white-space:nowrap’) or a single word being too long to fit.

This CSS property doesn't force an overflow to occur; to do so and make text-overflow to be applied, the author must apply some additional properties on the element, like setting overflow to hidden.

  • Initial clip
  • Applies to block container elements
  • Inherited no
  • Media visual
  • Computed Value as specified
  • Animatable no
  • Canonical order the unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

Formal syntax: [ clip | ellipsis | <string> ]{1,2}
/* One-value syntax: the value describes the overflow performed at the end of the line (right end if ltr, left end if rtl) */
text-overflow: clip
text-overflow: ellipsis
text-overflow: "…"
/* Two-value syntax: the first value describes the overflow at the left end of the line, 
the second at the right end. Directionality has no influence */
text-overflow: clip ellipsis
text-overflow: "…" "…"
text-overflow: inherit

Values

clip
This keyword value indicates to truncate the text at the limit of the content area, therefore the truncation can happen in the middle of a character. To truncate at the transition between two characters, the empty string value ('') must be used. The value clip is the default for this property.
ellipsis
This keyword value indicates to display an ellipsis ('…', U+2026 Horizontal Ellipsis) to represent clipped text. The ellipsis is displayed inside the content area, decreasing the amount of text displayed. If there is not enough space to display the ellipsis, it is clipped.
<string>
The <string> to be used to represent clipped text. The string is displayed inside the content area, shortening more the size of the displayed text. If there is not enough place to display the string itself, it is clipped.

Examples

p {
  white-space: nowrap;
  width: 100%;                   
  overflow: hidden;              /* "overflow" value must be different from "visible" */ 
  text-overflow:    ellipsis;
}
CSS value direction: ltr direction: rtl
Expected Result Live result Expected Result Live result
visible overflow 1234567890
1234567890
0987654321
1234567890
text-overflow: clip
123456
1234567890
text-overflow: '' 12345
123456
54321
1234567890
text-overflow: ellipsis 1234…
1234567890
…4321
1234567890
text-overflow: '.' 1234.
1234567890
.4321
1234567890
text-overflow: clip clip 123456
1234567890
654321
1234567890
text-overflow: clip ellipsis 1234…
1234567890
6543…
1234567890
text-overflow: clip '.' 1234.
1234567890
6543.
1234567890
text-overflow: ellipsis clip …3456
1234567890
…4321
1234567890
text-overflow: ellipsis ellipsis …34…
1234567890
…43…
1234567890
text-overflow: ellipsis '.' …34.
1234567890
…43.
1234567890
text-overflow: ',' clip ,3456
1234567890
,4321
1234567890
text-overflow: ',' ellipsis ,34…
1234567890
,43…
1234567890
text-overflow: ',' '.' ,34.
1234567890
,53.
1234567890

Compatibility

Desktop browsers

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 1.0 (312.3) 7.0 6.0 9-o
11.0
1.3 (312.3)
Two-value syntax Not supported 9.0 (9.0) Not supported Not supported Not supported
String value Not supported 9.0 (9.0) Not supported Not supported Not supported

Mobile browsers

Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) 7.0 (7.0) NA (Yes) (Yes)
Two-value syntax Not supported 9.0 (9.0) Not supported Not supported Not supported
String value Not supported 9.0 (9.0) Not supported Not supported Not supported

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